Things to do in Lisbon: Culture, History and Food

The ultimate list of things to do in Lisbon for culture, history, and food lovers. 

The essence of Lisbon city is mirrored in its terrain. It has lots of “ups” in its stairs and hills to climb, as well as some “downs,” which you as a traveler visiting Lisbon for a short time might realize only exceptionally, or potentially not at all.

The capital of Portugal totally embraces you in its narrow alleyways and tall buildings. It grasps you in its steep streets and old decorated walls with blue and white azulejos tiles hidden behind long rows of parked cars.

The voices and music from radio programs coming out through the open windows, the smell of grilled meat, roasted potatoes, and other delicious Portuguese food will bring you back to reality while you walk silently, immersed in your thoughts and counting the never-ending steps.

best things to do in Lisbon
A steep, narrow alley in the Mouraria neighbourhood.

Souvenir sardines might overwhelm you. They can be made from wood, wool, ceramic, or cotton. You’ll see a sardine as a magnet, a pillow, a bookmark, and a sticker, on a badge, on a mug, on a bag, and in a can. Luckily, you can turn to any side street, and take a break from all piscine shop windows and enjoy a coffee or a meal in one of the local taskas where TVs play football matches all day long. Try out the Mouraria district, or one of many tiny squares in Alfama neighborhood.

Things to do in Lisbon

Lisbon is definitely getting more attention among travelers for a good reason. Its rich history full of multicultural impacts and recognisable contemporary culture mix together very well.

In this article, you will get inspired by the comprehensive list of things to do in Lisbon so you can feel the spirit of the city intensively when you escape crowds of tourists.

See Lisbon from the top

It’ll help you understand the layout of the city. You can see how it stretches from east to west; which direction the river flows in and out of the city, and how many streets you need to cross to the center from your hotel (if you can spot it from atop!)

Follow the suggestion of the great photographer Emanuele Siracusa and climb to the Miradouro da Senhora do Monte. The photographer’s eye won’t disappoint!

what to do and see in Lisbon
Sunset over the city of Lisbon.

This is the highest viewpoint in Lisbon with a serene atmosphere, free from cafes or pubs (if this is what you’re looking for), and its path is lined with benches under big pine trees where you can get some of the best views of the city.

How to get to Miradouro da Senhora do Monte:
You can walk there from the Alfama neighborhood, which can take about twenty minutes, or take tram #28 and get off at the Graça stop. From there it’s only a five-minute walk to the viewpoint.

Miradouro de Santa Luzia
Located in Alfama, this viewpoint will show you the red-roofed white houses of Lisbon from above, as well as some landmarks of the city: the São Miguel and Santo Estâvão churches, and the dome of the National Pantheon with the river Tagus.

If you’re visiting Lisbon during a hot summer, there’s a small pool near the lower level of the miradouro, just behind the colonnaded pergola, where you can refresh your feet.

How to get to Miradouro de Santa Luzia:
Walk from the Baixa district to the Church of Santo Antonio, head up via Rua do Limoeiro, in direction to the Saint George’s Castle. The route is quite steep, so if you don’t feel fit, take the tram #12E or #28E and get off at the Largo das Portas do Sol and walk back a bit, or take the bus #737 to the Largo do Contador Mor bus stop.

For more viewpoints in the Portuguese capital, check this helpful list of some stunning spots in Lisbon.

Go for a graffiti-hunt

best sightseeings in Lisbon
Seen in the Bairro Alto district.

It’s hard to imagine that Lisbon was once all-white buildings. It changed only after the earthquake in 1755 when the richer districts of the city started to use colors and tiles during the reconstruction of the damaged buildings.

The Portuguese capital can easily compete with London as one of the best places for graffiti and street art in Europe! (Consider that the local artists have been officially supported by a governmental division for street art and the organisation Crono Project invites artists to renovate the neglected buildings in the city, so they can save them from ambitious developers.)

The Portuguese love for street art took it to another level. To prove that street art isn’t only for crazy rebels who advocate an alternative kind of lifestyle, one of the LATA 65 projects organised a workshop for elders, where they taught history and some graffiti techniques. Way to go, Lisbon!

Note: One thing you might find interesting in Lisbon and other cities in Portugal: you will never see graffiti on the azulejos tiles.

best sightseeings in Lisbon
Don’t miss this one in the Mouraria.

Where to find some cool street art in Lisbon

You’ll see a plethora of remarkable murals and random tags and scribbles while wandering around the city

Tips: huge artwork of Aryz next to Av. Liberdade, Fado Vadio mural in the Mouraria neighborhood next to Escadinhas de São Cristovão, a great piece at the corner of Rua da Vinha and Calçada do Tijolo streets in the Bairro Alto district, home to many other amazing murals.

best sightseeings in Lisbon
One of many remarkable pieces in the Bairro Alto.

To get more inspiration and tips on where to go for street art hunting in Lisbon, check out this piece written by Rachel Dixon.

Spend a day in Alfama

If you want to grasp the feeling of Lisbon’s history, don’t miss the oldest district of the city. The Alfama was settled by the Romans, Visigoths tribes and shaped immensely by the Moors who got the full credit for building the labyrinth of narrow streets that served as a defense system at that time and helped keep homes cool in summer.

best attractions in Lisbon
A decorated altar to honour Santo Antonio.

Check out the calendar of the events in Lisbon and try to be there during Santo Antonio festival. You don’t want to miss the atmosphere of this! Smoke from grilled sardines getting in your eyes, raucous pop songs teasing your ears, and locals and tourists queuing for the shots of local ginjinha liquor.

best attractions in Lisbon
Atmosphere of the festival in the Alfama.

If you miss the festival, have no fear. The Alfama is gorgeous, hilly (yes, again!) aged, and with lots of stories to tell any time of year.

Listen to fado where locals do

When visiting Lisbon, you’ll be overwhelmed by flyers inviting you to a fado concert basically everywhere. If you are in the mood to listen to the Portuguese national song full of pain, desperation, and love, head to the Alfama or Mouraria neighborhood.

what to see in Lisbon
A beautiful fado singer waiting for her evening performance.

If you want to feel the original spirit of fado, check the Rua do Capelão Street. That’s where the official berco do Fado (the cradle of Fado) is. Here you’ll find the permanent exhibition of portraits Retratos do Fado – Um tributo à Mouraria (Portraits of Fado – A tribute to Mouraria) by Camilla Watson.

best attractions in Lisbon
The portraits of Portuguese famous fadistas done by Camilla Watson.

The impressive portraits that are printed on the wood on the walls will bring you back to the past of fadistas (fado singers) that mingle with the presence of a strong international community life here: an Indian hairdresser next to a 200-year-old Portuguese tavern or a popular fado house that isn’t far from other Asian shops. No separation, no ghettos.

what to do in Lisbon
A new haircut, anyone?

Where to go to listen to fado
A concert at the café Renovar A Mouraria community organisation (Beco do Rosendo, 8 e 10 Lisbon, Portugal.)
It has a great atmosphere shared with locals sitting at tables outside or on the stairs in a small yard, where the stage for two guitar players and a fado singer was built for the summer season.

what to do in Lisbon
Pain, love, and desperation in one song.

Another lovely place to have dinner and listen to fado on a Friday night is Devagar Devagarinho tavern (Travessa Larga #15.)

Have a stroll in the Bairro Alto

If you fancy more street art and a stroll among colorful houses with Hobbit-scuffed doors while listening to someone practicing the flute in the Music Conservatory, then the Bairro Alto is the right place.

what to do in Lisbon
Life of the Bairro Alto during the day.

Make sure you visit the district at the right time. Climbing the stairs and spotting some cool graffiti isn’t bad, but the Bairro Alto is famous for its vibrant nightlife, live concerts, and clubbing, which you can’t experience at 2 pm.

Honour the elders

The touching street photo gallery is a brilliant project of the same artist of the fado portraits, Camilla Watson, who has been living in Lisbon for a few years now.

The photos on the walls of narrow Beco Das Farinhas street are “a tribute to the elderly who live here. They walk this beco daily and their spirit makes this corner of Mouraria special,” says the artist.

Her work isn’t just simply portraits; she captures the elders’ souls while their faces look at you from windows, from doorsteps, and as they become one with the breathing walls. You can see them playing dominos, drinking wine, or sipping their coffee. This is an absolute must-see when in Lisbon.

See more about the tribute and the author in this video (only in Portuguese) or read the interview with Camilla Watson here.

São Domingos Church

things to do in Lisbon
The interior of the church.

Maybe it’s the harsh history that makes the space so special, since it was damaged by an earthquake in the 16th century, and again later on by another one in the 18th century, and then destroyed again by a fire in 1959. Even if you’re not a believer, don’t miss this church with salmon-coloured arches; fire marks walls, and unbelievable pillars. Honestly, the church of São Domingo is one of the most unique in Europe.

Local taskas

things to do in Lisbon
Go local and visit small taskas.

You don’t need to spend half your budget splurging on restaurants where they charge double compared to small taskas. Unless you wouldn’t mind skipping dinner at a local restaurant where they prepare fresh and cheaper meals every day, where you’ll watch a football match with locals and get a chance to chat with the owner about your holiday.

Read the article about the food in Portugal, and see if you find something interesting in Lisbon for you!

Look up and around

The architecture of Lisbon will probably be one of the things that stays in your memories for a long time. Look up and look around. Lisbon is a living place willing to share. Stop by one of those small groceries, where you’ll find everything from fresh fruits to washing detergent to fresh pastries. Challenge yourself to look for azulejos of farmers, saints, and Moorish ornaments.

things to do in Lisbon
This wall has a lot to tell.

Check and see if there is a Fatima statue in a bar/taska where you’re having an afternoon break. Skip the famous yellow tram that is actually not yellow anymore and walk. Check old-style doorbells; try spotting the balconies and windows where the grass found its way to grow between the ancient cracks.

Avoid the crowded center and head to the Largo dos Trigueiros square and its tiny outdoor library. Don’t be shy to enter tavernas, where its elder regulars will sing fado for you if they are in the mood. Grab a coffee or a pint next to the locals playing cards outside old taverns.

Where to stay in Lisbon

If you visit Lisbon only for a few days and you prefer staying central so you don’t spend much time commuting to town and you are environmentally conscious, then there is a place for you: the Inspira Santa Marta Hotel which is located a few minutes walking from Avenida da Liberdade and 10 km from the airport.

This five-year-old hotel blends into a quiet neighborhood and when you enter the main hall, a bright comfortable space opens in front of you with high glass ceilings and a great combination of colors and materials in the interior of the hall.

best hotels in Lisbon
Bright, spacious, and welcoming entrance hall.

The original building of Baroque and civil Pombal architecture dates back to the 18th century and it’s surrounded by some historically important properties in the Coração de Jesus district: the former Convent and Church of Santa Marta (now Santa Marta Hospital), Conde Redondo Palace and former Santa Joana Convent.

All 89 rooms (two of them adapted to the needs of disabled people) and hotel facilities use the philosophy of Feng Shui, modern technology, and contemporary design using environmentally low-impact materials.

The communication between clients and customers is paperless and they use only electronic billing and contracts.

Apart from the highly effective concept of sustainability (it’s also certified by national and international organisations for good practice of sustainability and environmental consciousness,) the Inspira Santa Marta Hotel supports many non-profit organisations like Amara (monitoring of people at the end of life and their families,) Fundação Rui Osório de Castro (supporting parents, children and friends with the issues related to pediatric oncology,) Associação Laço (prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of breast cancer in Portugal,) APPDA (association for autistic people) by selling the ceramics and handmade products created by their members (the total revenue goes to the NGO) or Pump Aid-Water For Life, which builds water pumps and sanitation facilities in Africa.

best hotels in Lisbon
Colours and materials in harmony.

The hotel is equipped with solar panels, a cork flooring room (saves energy,) water-saving devices in all taps and showers, LED lighting, light sensors in corridors and public areas, and purchases 100% renewable energy. Well, it took us a while to figure out the lighting system in the room, but you’ll find a detailed brochure that tells you exactly how to use all the facilities.

The Inspira uses seasonal food, fresh organic, and locally produced or purchased from suppliers of fair-trade whenever possible. Speaking of food, the hotel is involved in the Zero Waste Project, which means they give all unconsumed food (products close to expiration and food that was never in contact with the public) to people in need. The restaurant of the hotel Open Brasserie Mediterrânica is also the only gluten-free certified restaurant in Lisbon, and it also offers vegetarian, vegan, and lactose-free options.

If you want to relax after walking up all those stairs around the city, you might especially like the spa or Jacuzzi in the hotel.

Here is a comprehensive list of the best hotels in Lisbon that you can get inspired by.

Read more about Portugal:

How to travel to Lisbon

By flight
Currently, there are many airlines companies flying to Lisbon, including low-cost Ryanair and Easyjet. If you arrive to Lisbon via air, read how to get from Lisbon Airport to the city center.

By train
In case you are already in Portugal and want to get to the capital by train, check the official website of Portuguese railways.

By bus
If you prefer traveling by bus, there are many coaches arriving in Lisbon from different countries or national bus companies. You’ll have to use bus transportation especially when reaching remote areas since there were some major cuts of rural lines done in the 1990’s.

Search for a particular connection on Fkixbus Flixbus or national Rede Expressos or Renex (only in Portuguese.) Keep in mind there are plenty of other small companies that don’t have websites, so you’ll need to inform yourself at a bus station. 99% of personnel of bus & train stations in Portugal speak English, so no worries about the communication problem that you might have in Spain.


Lisbon will treat you with an endless smile,  and you might be surprised by the mixture of different cultures but also of different generations that co-exist in harmony near each other. The moment when an elder waiter awaits his clients outside the taska while some young smokers stand close by will happen more than you’d expect.

It all falls together like a puzzle. Separate pieces of people’s lives would be simple pictures of individuals, but when those pieces just fit into each other, they create a complete scene: the scene of current Lisbon.

Disclaimer: We were hosts of the Inspira Santa Marta Hotel for three nights and our trip to Lisbon was possible with the help of Interrail. All words and opinions here are our own.

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24 thoughts on “Things to do in Lisbon: Culture, History and Food”

  1. Never been to Lisbon, but it looks so fascinating! Your pictures are stunning; I love the view from above during sunset. All the street art seems pretty cool too. Great post! You make me feel like visiting 🙂

    1. Ivana Greslikova

      Hi Nita, thanks a lot for reading and commenting! Lisbon is for sure a great place to explore and we felt it’s so much different from other European capitals. Hope you’ll get a chance to see one of those beautiful sunsets from the viewpoint yourself 🙂

  2. The last time I was in Lisbon was around 2001. We had just done a camping / driving trip down the coast of Portugal – which I highly recommend by the way (if you don’t mind ants). Lisbon is still on my top 10 list of favourite cities and I really do want to go back with my older, more experienced eyes. Judging from your pictures, it looks like not much has changed, except the I don’t remember all that graffiti!

    Oh, and that hotel looks gorgeous! Total proof that you don’t have to sacrifice luxury to be eco-friendly.


    1. Ivana Greslikova

      Oh wow, that must have been a different city back in 2001. And I guess it’ll be even more interesting to see it in 15 ys, too.
      Any chance you visit Lisbon on your next Europe trip?

      1. Talking about miradouros do not forget to mention the Graça one.
        It’s fantastic

        1. Ivana Greslikova

          Thanks for reading, Jose 🙂 We listed only those we visited ourselves, but we’ve included the link for a complete list of other beautiful views in Lisbon in the article, Graça included. Cheers!

  3. James | The Globe Wanderers

    Love love LOVE this post. Lisbon looks absolutely beautiful.
    The graffiti walls remind me of Hoosier Lane in Melbourne and the São Domingos Church is breathtaking. Awesome photos, Ivana 🙂
    Gabby and I are looking into where to spend a winter weekend. Do you know if there is much going on round New Years here?

    1. Ivana Greslikova

      Hi James! Thanks for reading and your kind words! The graffiti scene of Lisbon is just mind-blowing. Regarding the photos, all credits go to Gianni, the main photographer of this website 🙂 Never been in Lisbon in winter time, but our local friend confirmed that there is a lot of street events going on during the period of NY eve, so you might have a big fun!

  4. Joseph Kiely |

    Wonderful post – and great photographs. I really enjoyed the street art and intimate portraits of people in there everyday life. Once again my bucket list grows longer – thank you for that 🙂

    1. Ivana Greslikova

      Hi Joseph, thanks for reading! Glad you got inspired to travel there 🙂 Lisbon is a European jewel, hopefully you’ll find it interesting yourself, too. If you need any help when planning the itinerary, just let us know.

  5. Thanks for loving my city, Ivana.

    I’m sure she (Lisbon is a “she” for us) loves you back.


    1. Ivana Greslikova

      Aww, thanks so much, Dina! We hope we’ll visit HER again soon 🙂

  6. Thanks for this interesting approach to Lisbon. I spent there only an afternoon after winning a travel to Figeira da Foz in a TV game in 1991 ! I’m happy to prepare a new travel to spend in Lisbon almost three weeks in February 2016. So, I will be able to improve my portuguese before flying to Brasil !

  7. Ahoj Ivana,
    chystame sa o 2 mesiace do Lisabonu a urcite vyuzijem Tvoje tipy. Pred dvoma rokmi sme tam stravili jeden den a ja som vedela, ze to bude chciet viac. Lisabon vyzera uzasne, letno, sviezo a farebne. Tvoje fotky su krasne. Dakujem 🙂

    1. Ivana Greslikova

      Ahoj Ivka, ďakujeme krásne za feedback! Lisboa je fantastické mesto, viem si predstaviť žiť tam aspoň 2-3 mesiace 🙂 Som rada, že článok pomohol.
      ps: fotky k tomuto textu, ako aj mnohým ďalším, robil priateľ Gianni, ktorý sa stará o vizuálnu stránku blogu. Moje foto nájdeš na slovenskom blogu

      Uži si Portugalsko!

        1. Ivana Greslikova

          Rado sa stalo 🙂 Slovenský blog je novší, o Portugalsku tam zatiaľ nič nie je, ale chystám sa aj tam čoskoro o ňom niečo napísať. Maj sa krásne, Ivka!

  8. Vela stastných kilometrov 🙂
    Ja zboznujem cestovanie a spoznavanie novych miest, zopar sme toho presli s priatelom, hlavne Europu a malicku cast v okoli Vegas a New York a teda najviac na mna zaposobilo zatial Cinque Terre 🙂 O mesiac ideme trosku spoznat Dansko. Tak teraz hladam a patram po blogoch aby som si vedela itinerar zostavit.V dobrom obdivujem ludi, pre ktorých sa cestovanie stalo denným životom. Maj sa krasne Ivka a tesim sa na dalsie clanky a fotky.

  9. I have to say that this was an amazing post about my city 😀 It always makes me happy to read articles about Lisbon and this is one of the best I’ve ever read!
    I have to say that you have some amazing pictures so congratz to both of you.

    A curious thing about the Church of São Domingos, it is said that the wooden Altar was the only thing in the church that the fire didn’t get consumed as if by a miracle.

    1. Ivana Greslikova

      Hey Fabio,

      Thanks so much for reading & your feedback! From you as a local we do appreciate it even more 🙂 Wow, thank you for interesting info, I’ll update the post! It must have been indeed a miracle! Btw, we might spent a few days in Lisboa in October, it’d be lovely to catch up for some coffee if you’re in town. Cheers and thanks again for the kind words!

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